Friday, 1 January 2010

The meaning of Motivation is

Motivation is a state within the individual who raises, directing, and maintaining behavior. In other words, according Kartono Kartini is encouragement for someone to want to do something. With the encouragement (driving force) is here intended: a natural urge to satisfy the needs of life and a tendency to sustain life.
Meanwhile, the Muslims have the motivation to everyone is not the same, varying between one another. For that, necessary knowledge and understanding of the nature of motivation, and technical ability to create situations that lead to the motivation / incentive for them to act or behave according to what is desired by the organization.
To avoid inaccurate use of the term of this motivation, need to understand the opinion of M. Manullang of the terms of similar and often confused about the motivation among other things: motive, motivation, motivation, and incentives.
a. Motif
Said motive means equated with the words motive, motive, impulse, reason and the driving force. The motive is the driving force or driving force that encourages people to act or a power in man that causes people to act. It is said that the formula which reads motives are the way of behavior is appropriate. That is, why a person's behavior arises, that's motive.
b. Motivation
Motivation is a factor that encourages people to act a certain way. Thus it can be said that motivation is basically a mental state that encourages doing an act (action or activities) and provides power (energy) that leads to achievement needs, giving satisfaction or reduce the imbalance. Therefore there is no motivation, if it is not felt to stimuli of this sort on which to nurture motivation, and motivation that has grown it can make the motor and the drive to achieve fulfillment or achievement of a balance.
c. Motivation
Departed from the meaning of the word motivation was, it is meant to work motivation is something that causes or morale boost. Or in other words morale booster. Several factors can affect the motivation to work according to Ravianto is: boss, peers, physical facilities, policies and regulations, fee and non-currency money, types of work and challenges. So the individual motivation to work was strongly influenced by the system needs.
d. Incentives
Term incentive (incentive) can be replaced with the words: motivational tool, a means of motivation, the means evocation motive or means that cause the urge. With restrictions on reimbursement terms mentioned above, it can be avoided pengkacaubalauan regarding use of the term motivation.

Self-actualization is the instinctual need in humans to make the best of what he could. This term is used in a variety of psychological theories, such as by Kurt Goldstein, Abraham Maslow, and Carl Rogers. Goldstein was the first expert to see that this needs to be the primary motivation of man, while the other requirement is a manifestation of these needs. But what makes this term is more prominent is the theory of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which is considered as the highest level of psychological development that can be achieved when all basic needs are met and all potential pengaktualisasian himself began to be done.
Study psychology
Psychology is the science of broad and ambitious, supplemented by biology and neuroscience at the border with the natural sciences and completed by the sociology and anthropology border with the social sciences. Several studies psychology among others:
Developmental psychology
Is a field of study that studied the psychology of human development and the factors that shape one's behavior from birth to advanced age. Developmental psychology is closely related to social psychology, because most development occurs in the context of social interaction. And also closely related to the psychology of personality, because the development of the individual can form a distinctive personality of the individual.

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Monday, 1 September 2008



The one who does not know the struggle of life is either an immature soul, or a soul who has risen above the life of this world. The object of a human being in this world is to attain to the perfection of humanity, and therefore it is necessary that man should go through what we call the struggle of life.

Because life means a continual battle, one’s success, failure, happiness, or unhappiness mostly depends upon one’s knowledge of this battle. Whatever be one’s occupation in life, whatever be one’s knowledge, if one lacks the knowledge of the battle of life one lacks the most important knowledge of all.

As soon as a man loses the courage to go through the struggle of life, the burden of the whole world falls on his head. But he who goes on struggling through life, he alone makes his way.

One must study the nature of life, one must understand the psychology of this struggle. In order to understand this struggle one must see that there are three sides to it: struggle with oneself, struggle with others, and struggle with circumstances. One person may be capable of struggling with himself, but that is not sufficient. Another is able to struggle with others, but even that is not sufficient. A third person may answer the demands of circumstance, but this is not enough either; what is needed is that all three should be studied and learnt, and one must be able to manage the struggle in all three directions.

The one who struggles with himself first is the wisest, for once he has struggled with himself, which is the most difficult struggle, the other struggles will become easy for him.

What is the nature of the struggle with oneself? It has three aspects. The first is to make one’s thought, speech, and action answer the demands of one’s own ideal, while at the same time giving expression to all the impulses and desires which belong to one’s natural being. The next aspect of the struggle with oneself is to fit in with others, with their various ideas and demands. For this a man has to make himself as narrow or as wide as the place that one asks him to fill, which is a delicate matter, difficult for all to comprehend and practise. And the third aspect of the struggle with oneself is to give accommodation to others in one’s own life, in one’s own heart, large or small as the demand may be.

When we consider the struggle with others there are also three things to think about, of which the first is to control and govern people and activities which happen to be our duty, our responsibility. Another aspect is how to allow ourselves to be used by others in various situations in life; to know to what extent one should allow others to make use of our time, our energy, our work, or our patience, and where to draw the line. And the third aspect is to fit in with the standards and conceptions of different personalities who are at various stages of evolution.

How does the Sufi Struggle? He struggles with power, with understanding, with open eyes, and with patience.

The nature of life is illusive. Under a gain a loss is hidden; under a loss a gain is hidden; and living in this life of illusion it is very difficult for man to realize what is really good for him. Even with a wise person, much of his wisdom is demanded by life and by its battle. One cannot be gentle enough, one cannot be sufficiently kind; the more one gives to life, the more life asks of one. There again is a battle.

The worldly struggle is outward struggle. The struggle on the spiritual path is inward struggle. No sooner does one take the spiritual direction than the first enemy one meets is one’s own self. What does the self do? It is most mischievous. When one says one wants to fight it, it says, ‘I am yourself. Do you want to fight me?’ And when it brings failure, it is clever enough to put the blame on someone else.

The balance of life lies in being as fine as a thread and as strong as a steel wire. If one does not show endurance and strength to withstand all the opposing and disturbing influences among which one always has to be in life, one certainly reveals a weakness and lack of development.

Every circumstance, favourable or unfavourable, in which a man finds himself, and every person, agreeable or disagreeable, in whose presence he is, causes him to react. Upon this reaction depends the man’s happiness and his spiritual progress. If he has control over this reaction, it means that he is progressing; if he has no control over it, it shows that he is going backward.

When a person progresses towards spirituality he must bear in mind that together with his spiritual progress he must strengthen himself against disturbing influences. If not, he should know that however much he desires to make progress he will be pulled back against his will by conditions, by circumstances

All such things as passion and anger and irritation one looks upon as very bad, as evil; but if that evil were kept in hand it could be used for a good purpose, because it is a power, it is an energy. In other words evil, properly used, becomes a virtue; and virtue wrongly used becomes an evil. For instance, when a person is in a rage, or when he really feels like being angry, if he controls that thought and does not express it in words, that gives him great power. Otherwise the expression has a bad effect upon his nerves. His control of it has given him an extra strength which will remain with him. A person who has anger and control is to be preferred to the person who has got neither.

The only difference between spiritual attainment and the continual struggle of life is that in worldly life one struggles in another direction. In worldly life, be it in business or politics or industry or whatever be life’s path, if a person proves to be lacking in that power which enables him to struggle along, he meets nothing but failure. He may be a good person, a saintly person, a spiritual person, but that does not count. It is for this reason that many in the world lose faith in goodness and in spirituality when they see that this goodness does not seem to count in life. It is absurd for a spiritual person to say that by spirituality, goodness, and piety one’s worldly struggle will be helped. One should have the inspiration and power to answer life’s demands in life’s struggle. The seeker on the spiritual path should not forget that floating in the air is no good; standing on the earth is the first thing necessary.

The point is to meet one’s condition with understanding and with complete resignation. Thus the first thing is to meet the condition as it is and the second is to better the condition. The more one can avoid conflict the better; at the same time we cannot always avoid a conflict, and we must not turn our back on it if it comes to us. After all, life is a struggle and we must be ready to struggle. Only, struggle must not make us drunk so that we lose the way of peace which is the first thing to consider.

The only way to live in the midst of inharmonious influences is to strengthen the will power and endure all things, yet keeping fineness of character and nobility of manner, together with an everlasting heart full of love.

The end and the sum total of all mysticism, philosophy, and meditation, of everything one learns and develops, is to be a better servant to humanity. Everything from the beginning to the end in the spiritual path is a training to be able to serve mankind better, and if one does not do it with that intention, one will find in the end that one has accomplished nothing.

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